Extracts and comments from Revelation Chapters  19, 3, 12  & 21


Extracts from Revelation Chapter 19 

V.7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give the glory to Him: (b)for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and (b)His wife has made herself ready”.  

(a)  What sweeter sound can there be, than to know that man’s rule has ended, and that our loving Lord’s is beginning!  

(b)  As the writers have said previously, we are of the opinion that the wife of the Lamb is restored righteous Israel, and people who trusted Christ as Saviour and Messiah from the moment He said on the cross "It is finished", up to Acts 28:28, (JESHURUN).  Most of Christendom’s teachers and commentators say that the “Church” is the Bride, however, seemingly to ignore Scriptural evidence to the contrary.  The Apostle Paul states that the “True Church” is Christ’s Body! (1Cor.) but particularly 1Cor. 12:27, where Paul defines the pre- Acts 28 Corinthians as "The Body of Christ".  As this statement is A.D. 57, and Acts 28:28, is A.D. 63, Paul is clearly stating that pre. and post Acts 28 Christians are of the Body of Christ; the pre. Acts 28:28 Christians are in the blessing of the promise to Abraham, as the post Acts 28:28 Christians are in the blessing of the "Mystery Church".  It is the opinion of the writers that as stated both are the Body of Christ but with different functions after the revealing of Christ (Second Coming).  It is our opinion that the former have Earthly function and the latter Heavenly function, however, as previously stated there is much discussion on this area.  As regards some of the comments and prophecies to the future Bride, some are as follows; Isa. 49; & 61; the whole of Isa. 62, but particularly 62:4-5.  Also, Jer. 2:32 & John 3:29, (in this reference John is referring to The Lord’s own statement that He came “only to the lost sheep of Israel”)!  

V.8  And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine (a)linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the (a)awarded righteousness of the saints. 

V.9  And he said unto me, “Write, (b)Blessed are they which are called to the marriage supper of the “Lamb”.  And he said unto me, “These are the true sayings of God”.

(a)   As per comments in V.7(b), and also in previous comments,“the linen, clean and white”, “the awarded righteousness of the saints”, it for and to the remnant of Israel, saved by their Messiah, at the end of their sufferings under Satan’s persecution, (see Chp. 3:18, and the whole of Chps. 1, 2 & 3).  There are of course others who are not Jews who resist Satan, the beast etc., and who are not marked.  Those are almost certainly included in the comments in Chp. 7:9-17.

The Jewish remnant of the persecution, are in the writers view joined by many resurrected Jews at the beginning of the Millennial Reign. 

(b)  Israel prior to The Cross, and after up to Acts 28:28, are invited to partake of “The Bread of Life”, (Christ), but refused.  This sad event is recorded in Luke 14:15-24, but also shows the unknown (Mystery Body) (Rom. 11:25, 16:25, Eph. 3:3, Col. 1:26-27 & 4:3), inclusion in the blessing of the invitation, (Luke 14:21-24)!

Those who are invited to “the marriage supper of the Lamb” are therefore indeed “Blessed”.  As to whom these guests are, as traditionally they are the Bride and Groom's relations and friends, there must be a similarity at this Great Wedding supper.  Weddings in the western world tend to be rather rigid affairs; formal and reserved, at least in the early parts.  The writers have experienced a Jewish wedding, and the experience is totally different to the western occasions.  As soon as the formal ceremonial is complete, all the guests perform a dance called “the dance of joy”, where the women holding hands, rotate anti-clockwise, the men holding hands, rotate clock-wise outside the female ring.  The music is exuberant and repetitive, the Bride and Groom are lifted shoulder high on chairs in the centre of the 2 circles, and slowly rotate.  This continues for a considerable period of time, and even at the human level is exhilarating.  One can only imagine such a dance, when the Bride and Groom, are Christ and His Bride!!


Extracts from Revelation Chapter 3 

V.20  (a)Behold, I have taken my station at the door, and knock: if any man hear My voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with Me. 

(a)  The context here is still Jewish, and refers to the 7 groups initially.  However, the Jewish Nation will read and understand these words in the future and it will apply to many of them.  As the present time (Age) applies to the Church (which is Christ's Body) this yet future grouping will relate to Christ eventually as Bride.  Hence the Bridegroom will be Christ and Christ-ones; and the Bride will be all the above mentioned, at least!  (See: Luke 12:35-38 & Rev. 19:9, etc.).  The misapplication of the words "Behold, I stand at the door and knock", "if any man hear My voice", initially by Jerome, and subsequently by the Roman Church, followed by others, is to use Dr. Bullinger's words, "akin to blasphemy".  As said, the context is Jewish, the timing is certainly the latter part of the "7" remaining years of the revelation to Daniel, and is therefore the "Ammi", or just prior to the Ammi period.  Further; the words "any man", should from the Greek be "certain men", meaning a particular grouping; in this context Jews. 


Extracts from Revelation Chapter 12 

V.1  And there was seen a great sign in Heaven; a (a)woman clothed with the (a)sun, and the (a)moon under her feet, and on her (b)head a crown of (a)twelve stars. 

(a)  "A woman"; the only way to interpret this remarkable vision is as often, to use Scripture to interpret itself.  Because of the other main elements of the verse, i.e. "sun", "moon", "stars"; the only other reference to such is Gen. 37:9-11.  In that reference the sun is Jacob, the moon mother,11 stars eleven brothers, therefore Joseph making 12.  Interestingly in the Genesis record, Joseph's dream was prior to God's deliverance of the embryo Nation (family of Jacob) from famine, and its later emergence as a Nation in the Exodus!  Here, clearly, Jehovah Zebaoth, who is True, Consistent and ever Loving; is showing also imminent delivery of Israel again, this time to a state of peace, reassurance, and true position as a future Bride (Zech) (Isa. 54:6), (49) (61) (62) & (Rev. 21:9-12). 

(b) "Head a crown of twelve stars"; in this vision of John's the Nation is no longer embryonic, but a full grown woman, with a crown of twelve stars.  The stars represent the 12 tribes of Israel, and the woman the Nation (Isa. 54) & (Isa. 54:6), which of course points to whom the "Bride of Christ” is; (Israel)!

V.2 And she being with child cried out, (a)travailing in birth, and toiling to be delivered. 

V.3 And there appeared another sign in Heaven; and behold, a (b)great red dragon, having (c)7 heads, and 10 horns, and 7 crowns on his heads. 

(a)  "Travailed"; see notes in V.4 below. 

(b) "Great red dragon"; is Satan. 

(c) "7 heads", etc.; denotes universal Earthly power, (Comp. App. 10 & 197:6), the meaning probably derived originally from the diversion and hierarchy of the Roman Empire, which at the time of the Revelation to John, was probably understood.  It may also (probably) allude to the parts (borders) of the old Roman Empire, in future events.  (See 12:13, and Chp. 13 and notes).  

V.4  And his tail dragged the (a)third part of the stars of Haven, and cast them to the Earth: and the dragon (b)is standing before the woman which is about to bring forth, in order to eat up her (c)child as soon as it was born. 

(a)  Satan, since his original fall, has persuaded to his cause many angelic Creation, which are numbered in Scripture (see V.9) as a third of all the angels of Heaven, which have done and are doing his bidding.  The exact timing of his fall was certainly when Satan as a son (created) of God rebelled against his Creator, and claimed equality, (Ezk. 28:12-19).  Satan is a well-kept secret, in the present world.  Although known of from Scripture he is not taken seriously by people, and is even regarded as a sort of joke, or figure of Halloween imagery.  Almost all of the world's misery is attributable to him, even though Almighty God usually gets the blame.  Almost everybody at some time has blamed The Almighty for some misfortune, which in fact should be laid at the door of Satan, or human fallen nature, or both.  There is no more powerful entity on Earth at the present time than Satan, (except for the Holy Spirit).  Our Lord Himself acknowledged Satan as the prince of this world (John 12:31), (John 14:30) & John 16:11).  The Apostle Paul writing under the influence of the Holy Spirit, called Satan, "the prince of the power of the air", (Eph. 2:2).  These and many other Bible references show the power that is at present Satan's, and people will  find to their cost that he is real, and behind all of the evil events, trends and control of humans that Paul wrote about so vividly and accurately to Timothy 2000 years ago, (2Tim. Chp.3). 

(b)  The A.V. says "stood"; but the correction "is standing", and will continue to do so until he is broken "by no human hand”, (Dan. 8:25) and then bound in the bottomless pit. 

(c)  "Child";  this is Jesus the Christ (anointed), who is at present at the Right Hand of the Majesty, in Heaven, awaiting the time that His enemies are made His footstool.  There are a number of people who feel that this child is the "new Israel", and will be caught up to God and His throne for protection.  In the view of the writers this cannot be, as Satan must almost annihilate the Jews before Christ will return to save the remnant of them.  If the Almighty intervened at that stage, Satan would claim the victory, as the events prophesied in Scripture would have not been allowed to run their full course on Earth, which is his (Satan's) sphere of rule.  Also if that were to happen, un-regenerated humans would be in the most Sacred Place (The Throne), which clearly would not accord with the main message (the Fall, and Regeneration work of Christ Jesus), of all of Scripture.  Only Christ can be with Jehovah God on His throne after He became the first-fruit in resurrection.  Only He has the sanctity to be with the Father.  On the contrary the Jews who are still "Lo-Ammi", (not  My people) are yet to see, accept and mourn Christ Jesus whom they pierced (Zech. 12:10), only then will their cleansing begin, and together with the righteous resurrected Jews, form the reborn, new, Nation of Israel, the eventual Jeshurun, (the ideal Israel).

There is a curious verse (Isa. 66:7) which seems to say that a child (Nation) will be born before the normal travail of labour.  However; the "before" (Str. 2962) is probably mistranslated in the A.V., and should read "delayed", "suspended", "not yet", "none-occurrence".  The meaning being that the Nation being brought to being is suspended!  That prophecy foreshadows the rejection of Christ by Israel, and therefore their own rejected ("Lo-Ammi"), state for 2000 years.  After the Zech. 12:10 experience, the rest of Isa. 66 applies and is wonderful for Israel and other peoples of God.  That a Nation is being brought forth cannot be disputed, as in the following verse (Isa. 66.8), Zion is travailed!  Verses 7 & 8 therefore seem to contradict, except for the above possible explanation, and a fillingfull of the prophecy.  It is supremely significant, that as soon as Antichrist breaks his peace agreement with Israel, (2nd ½ of 70th week Dan.) Chapter 11 of Rev. and its events start, which correspond with Isa. 66:8, "for as soon as Zion travaileth, she brought forth her sons (children)".  This is the birth of the new Nation of Israel.  The one that will have such Earthly blessing in the 1000 years of Jehovah / Christ's reign on Earth, whose borders will be as the promise made to Abraham by Jehovah (Gen. 12:2-3), (Gen. 15:18), (Jer. 32:37-42), (Jer. 33:14-16), (Jer. 33:25-26), (Ezk. 11:17-20), (Ezk. 34) & (Ezk. 47:15-21), and many other references throughout Scripture.  The birth of this Nation is one of the great events in the plan of Jehovah Zebaoth on Earth, and will be greeted with great joy in Heaven and Earth, as it corresponds with the praise of the Heavenly hosts for the vanquishing of the evil one on Earth (Rev. 19:1), which was prophesied in Psalm 104:35. 

V.5 And (a)she brought forth (b)a son, a male, (c)who is about to (d)rule all the Nations with an iron staff: (e)and her child was caught away unto God, and to His throne. 

(a)  "She", (see V.1) the Nation of Israel, of the seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 

(b)  "A son, a male"; the original Greek has these empathic words.  It is emphasised; there is no mistaking the gender of the child (male), which has important implications for the Satanically inspired workings worldwide, attempting the reversal of God Almighty's order in Creation and design and purpose, bringing the female to the fore as opposed to the male!  This child is The Christ of V.4, (see notes). 

(c)  "Who is about"; i.e. about to start His Rule.  The Greek gives this explicit meaning, whereas the Authorised uses the word "was", which diminishes the importance and imminence of what is about to take place, and was so translated to conform to Church of England and Roman teaching.  The AV also with the use of "was", implies past tense, or failure, which is not the case. 

(d) "Rule all the Nations with an iron staff"; Christ to rule with an iron staff.  The fact is all the Nations on Earth will be thus ruled.  The "iron staff", shows clearly that it will be very firm, fair, and just.  In fact justice will be redefined (or returned to its original meaning) from the present humanly and Satanically conspired mess of compromise, vested interest, cowardice and evil intent, to the absolute Jehovah / Christ standard, which will usher onto the Earth the peace and security which mankind of goodwill has always desired.  At the present time, the fallen state of mankind, aided and enforced by Satan and his demons is bringing complete ruin on the Earth.  In the yet future state of this verse, Satan and demons will be consigned to 1000 years of imprisonment in the bottomless pit (Zech. 13:2) & (Rev. 20:1-3). 

(e)  See 4(c) above.

V.6  And (a)the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a (b)place prepared of God, that (c)they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days (1260). 

(a)  "Woman"; i.e. Israel (as above). 

(b)  "Place prepared of God"; this statement also mitigates against those that teach that the "child", of V.2 is Israel; as here, this uniquely prepared refuge is for the fleeing Israel; during 'Jacob's trouble'.

(c)  "They"; maybe spiritual servants of Jehovah Zebaoth on Earth, or human beings, who feed (sustain) this remnant for exactly 3½ Jewish years (i.e. 360 days = 1 Jewish year).  If human beings, they may be some of those referred to by Christ, when He judges the Nations (Matt. 25:32-46) at the beginning of the Millennial.

The Almighty is here again demonstrating His will to sustain His people, as He did in the wanderings of Israel for 40 years, prior to entering the Promised Land!  This 1,260 day (3.5 Jewish years ) period corresponds with that of the ministry of the "two witnesses", and also our Lord warned the "lost sheep", to flee to this area (wilderness) (Matt. 24:15-22).           

V.7 And there came to be (a)war in the Heaven: (b)Michael and his angels going forth to war with the (c)dragon; who resisted with his angels. 

(a)  "War in the Heaven"; this Scripturally clearly is a first occurrence, and the force used is described as "war", to convey to human minds the meaning. 

(b)  "Michael;" is the special angel (archangel) of the Jews, (Dan. 10:13-21), and as such is championing the Jewish cause on behalf of Jehovah.

(c)  "Dragon"; i.e. Satan and his angels. 

V.8  And (a)prevailed not, neither was their (b)place found any more in Heaven. 

(a)  Michael wins the war in Heaven, and for the first time, in many Ages since Satan's rebellion against God, (see V.4 and notes) he and his followers are no longer located in that Heavenly realm. 

(b)  It is remarkable that Satan was ever allowed "place", in Heaven after his rebellion.  However, from Job and elsewhere it is clear that in the Will of God he has.  This is certainly linked to the Salvation plan of Jehovah Zebaoth, (see V.12).  

V.9  And the (a)great dragon was cast down, the ancient serpent, called the Devil (slanderer) and Satan(adversary) the one deceiving the whole world; he was cast out into the Earth, and his angels were cast out with him. 

(a) Until this moment described, Satan had place in Heaven, despite his rebellion against God, his evil, and his constant attempts to subvert Heavenly Creation to his side.  Also, he constantly attempts to accuse, discredit and latterly destroy Israel.  In the book of Job, Satan is shown to be free to patrol the Earth, and with the permit of God, do his best to destroy faith in God on Earth.  In the statement in V.8, he no longer has free access to God, is cast to Earth, and as we see in Revelation, regarding Israel (and many God revering people) is allowed a short time of open direct tyranny, with no attempt at pretense in the 3½ years of Israel's extreme persecution (see V.12).  

V.10  And I heard a (a)great voice saying in Heaven, "Now is come the Salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ: for (b)the accuser of (a)our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.  

(a)  This great voice in Heaven is probably collective as it refers to "our brethren", later in the verse.  As to whom the voices belong to also hinges on the same words, (see note next verse). 

(b)  "The accuser"; Satan.  

V.11  And they (a)overcame him (b)by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their life unto death. 

(a)  "Overcame"; here again is the great emphasis of that time.  These people, Jew and Gentile (Rev. 7:9-17) are the "Overcomers", of earlier reference.  Many are already in Heaven, mostly by persecution (Rev. 6:9-11), but some people say may also include the body of Christ (the true Church as opposed to Christendom), but which in the opinion of the writers have at this stage been translated (1Cor. 15:51-52).  There can be little doubt that the Overcomers are brethren to The body of Christ Jesus, but not of it (Rev. 7:15); and therefore their voices possibly included in that "great voice", of V.10, in great joy.  An interesting possible implication in Revelation regarding the "Overcomers", is that at their death, they appear to go straight to Heaven, whereas Christians in this Age must await the translation (1Thess. 4:13-17), which almost certainly is prior to this period (1Thess. 1:10), all of which is "the harvest", of which our Lord was the "first fruits", (1Cor. 15:20-23). 

(b)  "By the blood of the Lamb;" (Rev. 7:14).  

V.12  Therefore (a)rejoice ye Heavens, and ye that dwell in them.  (b)Woe to the ones dwelling on the Earth, and in the sea, because the devil is come down to you having (c)great anger, knowing he has only a little time". 

(a)  The inhabitants of Heaven, exhorted to rejoice.  Clearly Satan had for many Ages caused great trouble, strife, conflict and much turmoil, beyond our ability to understand, whilst allowed to retain a "place", in Heaven!  It is also clear that his success persuaded a third of all angels to follow him.  His presence is a constant source of pernicious, ongoing divisive action in Heaven.  Even though Heaven's Creation know who their Creator is, Satan still has much success in converting angelic Creation to his side.  One of the many major differences between mankind and angels, is humans will deny the existence of God Almighty, and also Satan.  It is implicit that one element is common to both Earthly and Heavenly Creation, free will!  It is therefore easy to understand that Heavenly Creation rejoices at the expulsion of such an adversary, after so long in their midst, and also in the knowledge that Satan's efforts will be short on Earth.  The question often asked by many over the years, is how could Almighty God allow Satan to exist after such rebellion, and even to be in His presence, to have place in Heaven; and patrol Earth (Job 1 and 2).  The answer undoubtedly lies in The Perfect Plan of Redemption, that only God could conceive, wherein the Perfect Love of God would allow Satan to perform to his vile worst in Heaven as well as Earth after the Creation Act of Eden, all of which is observed by Heavenly Creation (Eph. 3:10).  Some argue that such a protracted process is wasteful, painful, and suffers great loss of life and environment.  That is to miss the main point.  It is of course easily possible for Almighty God to eliminate Satan.  To do so however prematurely would not allow Creation to see the depth of sin that Satan will eventually stoop to.  Conversely, the Almighty will be seen by all Creation to take the burden and result on Himself, in the form of Christ Jesus (Col. 1:20).  It is thereafter the response to Christ's death and suffering (in the place of all humankind), which is the key to individuals eternal destiny, on Earth and also Heaven, in this Age, and eternity! 

The main thrust for Satan's pernicious attention had been Heaven's occupants and the tribes of Israel.  Abraham was chosen by God!  He was called "the friend of God", (Ex. 33:11, 2Chr. 20:7, Isa. 41:8 & Jms. 2:23), because his heart was against the idolatry of his father, and the Nation Ur, which derived from Babylon!  After Paul's declaration (Acts 28:25-28), all the world's Nations became the subject of Satan’s attention; which showed in the Wisdom of Jehovah Zebaoth, that the failure of Satan at The Cross and the failure of Israel to accept Christ (Acts 28:28), increased the eventual harvest for Christ / Jehovah.  Most people on Earth are fixated with their flesh life, which is natural enough.  However, God has ordained that they are not content, and can only find rest, peace and understanding in Him, albeit in simple sincere trust, which most people find hard to give unless they encounter Christ, personally.  Because all the efforts of Satan are eventually self-defeating, and will be seen as such by Heavenly and Earthly Creation, the Almighty in Christ will vanquish Satan, but not until Heaven and Earth have been reminded that Satan stands for deceit, destruction, suffering, and death, as opposed to the Love, Peace, Justice and Righteousness of Jehovah/Christ.  After that reminder, Satan and his followers will be consigned to doom (Rev. 20:10).  All that remains for individuals at the present time (i.e. this Age) is to trust in God's work, in Christ Jesus.  The timing of the above is in the hands of the Father only (Matt. 24:36), and His timing is perfect (Matt. 5:48).  The perfect timing of God the Father means that Satan is defeated by perfect Love (a concept totally alien to mankind); which means that Satan is defeated by Love, which is God (1John 4:8-16)!  Had Satan been destroyed at the time of his rebellion, none of the above could have come into play, and such action by the Almighty would have been seen by Creation as dictatorial, and His plan of Love could not unfold to fruition.  As the plan now unfolds, God will indeed be seen as Ultimate  Love. 

(b)  The dire warning to Earth's and sea's inhabitants, prior to the last woe auger terrible events for them. 

(c)  Satan's Heavenly banishment leaves him with less room for manoeuvre, and activity.  His success in Heaven has clearly been great, but the worthiness of The Lamb, allowed the releasing of the 7th seal, triggering the banishment in the timing of Jehovah Zebaoth.  Satan had recruited / converted angelic help for many reasons, all of which are to attempt to thwart the plan of Salvation of God Almighty and to magnify himself.  The first example produced the Scripture recorded result of Nephilim, (Gen. 6) which had it succeeded would have brought to nothing the promise of God in Eden (Gen. 3:15), however, God intervened at the crucial stage to rid Earth of Nephilim, (the flood), and save the pure genetic line of Noah, and preserve His prophecies and promises.  The situation on Earth at the time of Satan's Heavenly expulsion is dire for the Jews, as the "man of sin", will break his covenant with Israel after 3½ years, and is imposing a brutal regime.  This man, called "Antichrist", will be newly empowered by Satan, now located in Pergamos (Rev. 2:12-13), which interestingly is the location that the Babylonian priesthood removed to at the fall of Babylon many centuries earlier.  Satan must still attempt to achieve the goal of stopping the promises of Jehovah Zebaoth regarding His people Israel from coming to fruition.  He now releases his full wrath onto the ancient people of God, Israel.  

V.13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast down unto the Earth, he (a)persecuted the (b)woman which brought forth the (c)male child. 

V.14 And to the (b)woman were given the (d)two wings of a great eagle, that she may fly into the wilderness into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent. 

(a)  See previous verses of this Chapter. 

(b)  See V.1, V.5 & V.6. 

(c)  See V.5 

(d)  See V.6, "two wings of a great eagle"; a great and powerful bird, which soars to great heights and inaccessible places.  This would imply supernatural help from Jehovah Adon, to secure the flight of His remnant people Israel, to secure their safety, nourishment, etc., for the 3½ years duration; "from the face (VENOM, THREAT AND DEATH) of the serpent (Satan)".  

V.15 And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a (a)river after the (b)woman, that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood. 

V.16  And the Earth helped the woman, and the Earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the river which the dragon cast out of his mouth. 

V.17 And the dragon was (c)wroth with the woman, and went to war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the (d)commandments of God, holding the testimony of Jesus.

(a)  "River"; hordes of people etc., in the form of military action against the woman etc., as seen in following Chapters. 

(b)  "Woman"; Israel, see V.6. 

(c)  The anger of Satan, now confined to Earth, and only now able to take action against the followers of God on Earth. 

(d)  Those who have come to know Christ and hold their testimony (Rev. Chapters 2 and 3). 


Extracts from Revelation Chapter 21 

V.14 (a)And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. 

(a)  In the O.T. God attempted to obtain in his chosen people Israel, faithfulness, fidelity and love.

Faithfulness to Him Jehovah, as their “one true God”. 

Fidelity in their dealings and actions with each other, and with Him.

Love from them to Him for His care and protection of them.

It failed.  Israel was unfaithful with the gods of the local neighbours, they did not honour Jehovah’s name among themselves or the Nations around them.  For their sin, after they warred with each other when Solomon died, the Presence (Glory) of Jehovah departed from them, and they were exiled to Babylon.  Even at this low ebb, God promised not to abandon them, so as to keep His promises to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, that they would never cease to be a people on Earth.  He promised they would be revived, and eventually they as “the unfaithful wife”, (see Joel and elsewhere), would become “the Bride”, (Isa. 49:18, 61:10, 62:5 & John 3:29).  This promise entailed the fulfilling of the prophecy in Jer. 31:34, and which CHRIST as JESUS achieved at His death on the cross outside the walls of Jerusalem.  He witnessed to that fact at His last meal with the Apostles, who are mentioned in V.14 above, (see Matt. 26:28, Mark 14:24 & Luke 22:20). They were sent to Israel only, to witness that fact.  Of those who are the Overcomers of earlier Chapters and descriptions, some are part of the “remnant”, saved by Christ, whilst still in their flesh, so as to fulfil God’s early promises, and so that Satan could not obtain victory on Earth by defeating a promise of God.  The twelve Apostles are therefore the above mentioned foundations, underpinning the Twelve Tribes (gates), of who are made up all the people of Israel and Gentiles that form the Bride, after the resurrection of O.T. Israel, as mentioned in Ezekiel. 


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